April 1990 Shawwal 1410
Eid-ul-Fitr Souvenir Magazine
Message from His Excellency Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo Governor-General of Mauritius
Message from the Hon. Sir Aneerood Jugnauth, Prime Minister of Mauritius
Message from Dr Prem Nababsing, Leader of the Opposition
Speech of His Eminence at the Eidgah in 1989
Editorial by G.M. Issac
Verses engraved on the Shrine of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
The sword of Allah…. by Hazrat Ka’b-Bin-Zuhair (R.A.)
A landmark in the annals of socio-religious work
The significance of Eid Prayers
The Eid Salaat
Les vertus du Darood Shareef
Message from his Excellency the Governor-General
It is once again my pleasure, on the occasion of Eid, to address my warmest greetings and best wishes to all Mauritians in general and in particular to our brothers and sisters of the Islamic faith.
We all know that Eid is the culmination of a long period of fasting and penance and that the month of Ramadan is sacred for Muslims all over the world as it marks the revelation of the Holy Quran. It is also the month when the Almighty rewards abstinence and forgives acts of omission.
May the example of self-sacrifice, of piety and forbearance set by members of the Islamic faith inspire all of us to follow the path of righteousness.
I pray that the Almighty showers His blessings on one and all and Eid-Mubarak to all Mauritians.
18th April 1990.
Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo
Prime Minister’s Office
I am delighted to offer my warmest greeting and very best wishes to the President and members of Sunni Razvi Society International as well as to all our Mauritian brothers and sisters of Islamic faith on the auspicious occasion of Eid.
The Holy month of Ramadan with its fasting, prayer, humility and religious fervor solemnly culminates into Eid. Eid Day represents the fruitful outcome after a month of sacrifice. It is a day of sublime rejoicings where the values of charity, brotherhood and peace are highly prized.
The festivals we celebrate in our country have become an integral part of our national life. The values enshrined in them enrich our soul and consolidate our belief in Unity in all its Diversity; they sharpen our determination to forge a brilliant future for our beloved country.
No community can thrive on isolation. Everyone, regardless of his race, color or creed, has his rightful place under the Mauritian sun. Together we can achieve what is best for our country and for all.
The Sunni Razvi Society International is celebrating its Silver Jubilee this year. Encouraged by its significant achievements, sure of its dynamism and, fully conscious of contemporary challenges, this prestigious organization will, I am confident, fully live up to the Nation’s expectations.
Eid Mubarak to you all.
17th April 1990.
The Leader of the Opposition
I am grateful to the President and members of the Sunni Razvi Society International for providing me with the opportunity of addressing a message to the Muslim Community of Mauritius on the special occasion of Eid-ul-fitr, through their annual Souvenir Magazine.
Eid-ul-Fitr marks the end of a month of intense spiritual fervor – the month of Ramadan, during which started the revelation of the Holy Quran to Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.), more than fourteen centuries ago. And, ever since, the adepts of Islam have been scrupulously following the Quranic injunction of fasting from dawn to dusk for the whole of the month. Coupled with fasting is the offering of prayers till late into the night.
Islam makes it incumbent on those who have, to distribute a share of their wealth to the poor through the system known as Zakaat. It can be seen and felt that during the month of Ramadan a greater sense of generosity and solidarity is shown towards the less fortunate members of the society.
Ramadan serves in a way to highlight the duties of Man towards his Creator and his obligations towards his fellow human beings. In the process, Man hopefully achieves spiritual bliss.
While wishing EID MUBARAK to my Muslim brothers and sisters, I pray that the Almighty shower his blessings on them on this auspicious occasion.
Dr. Prem Nababsing
Leader of the Opposition
Speech of his Eminence
on the occasion of the 1989 Eid-ul-Fitr celebration at the Eidgah
Once again, by the grace of Almighty Allah, I have the pleasure and privilege to welcome all of you on the occasion of the 6th Annual Eid Milan Party.
It has been customary to pronounce speeches on this auspicious occasion, but this time, I wish to move further on by proposing concrete actions that should follow suit.
Explosions of violence mark the world of today here and there. Everyone seems to have recourse to violence to achieve his aim and as you are aware, this code of behavior is very dangerous to the human race itself.
Therefore, it is incumbent upon every one of us to think about his duty with a sincerity of purpose because without sincerity, one cannot pretend to be dutiful.
As long as our community will pass its time in its lethargic state, trying to see only what others are doing, it will not be able to achieve progress and success. Instead, we ought to think about what we, ourselves, should do. It is only with such a state of mind that we shall be able to be serviceable to our fellow-beings in this modern world and thus foster true human brotherhood.
It is reconfirming to note that ever since our Prime Minister, Hon. A. Jugnauth took office of Prime Ministership, this Eid Milan Party has been organized each year, without interruption. And by the grace of Almighty Allah, we are confident that this Eid Milan Party will always be held under the patronage of the Country’s Prime Minister in an atmosphere of love, service and brotherhood.
I avail myself of this opportunity to wish all of you a happy Eid Mubarak.
Long live Mauritius
Vive L’Ile Maurice
Maulana M. I. Khushtar
Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi
The Silver Jubilee Year
In this Silver Jubilee Year of the Sunni Razvi Society International, it would be most convenient to pay a deserving tribute to the Founder-Patron of the society, His Eminence Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi.
After so much effort put in for the uplift of the Muslim community in different parts of the globe, His Eminence Maulana Khushtar has passed down to history as someone who has so far dedicated his whole missionary career to the noble cause of fortifying and reinvigorating the love for Islam. He has thus carved his footprints on the sands of time and today he niches in the temple of fame. His greatness lies in the fact that wherever he goes, he conveys the message of love for the whole of humanity in tune with the Islamic teachings. He has, beyond doubt, ranked himself among those great men of religion that have taken love, compassion, regards for others, altruism, sincerity of purpose and spirit of human brotherhood as their leitmotiv in their fight against irreligiousness, greed, envy, the evils of pure materialism and the constant menace of war.
His Eminence Maulana Khushtar is known for his unique style in delivering sermon. Being a linguist himself, listeners are enraptured by his poetry of exquisite beauty that permeates all his discourses. Indeed, he never fails to support his arguments by beautiful Arabic, Urdu, Persian or Hindi verses penned by great poets such as Ala Hazrat Maulana Shah Ahmad Raza Khan, Maulana Jalaludin Rumi, Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Sheik Saadi and at times by his own self.
As a great preacher, His Eminence Maulana Khushtar is leaving a great heritage to prosperity: how to love one’s religion without offending others, how to open one’s doors to whomsoever knocks at, irrespective of creed o colour, how to be patient in times of turmoil and odd moments, how to give love in return for hatred, sincerity for hypocrisy and friendship for hostility.
All the institutions he has caused to establish both in Mauritius and abroad have stood the test of time and are keeping aloft the flag of Islam. Eidgah, Khanqah (spiritual centers), academies, mosques, madrassah have been the fulfilment of his long-cherished dreams and thus the Islamic education and practices find their full accomplishment within the doors of these institutions.
Never perhaps in the existence of a socio-religious organization, have so many books on different topics of Islam been published during the past twenty-five years. How could it be otherwise when such a preacher would burn the midnight oil to commit to paper ideas, which necessitated ardent expression? His whole body and soul would express contentment when the society succeeded in publishing new books, treaties, pamphlets or other manuals. He is an educationist to the core and can well serve in this field as a lighthouse to others. This is due to the fact that while many writers write for their own glory or material benefits, this poet and writer writes to please his Creator, the Lord of the Universe, His beloved Prophet Hazrat Muhammad (S.A.W.) and other true sons of Islam.
Just imagine a preacher sitting night and day within the four walls of an office; leaving wife and children far away; exploring every avenue through research work for the benefit of others, you will wonder whether he does not set a unique example in his field.
Inspite of that, he knows about everything that goes on even in the remotest corner of the globe and can advise on many steps that could be taken to remedy an unwanted situation.
I still remember when I met him at his residence in Manchester in 1978. In such a permissive society as Europe, he would sit, as he does everywhere, on his mat as a humble servant of Islam in quietude, trying to see what else could be done in the realm of religion.
In this Silver Jubilee year, therefore, we should like to record our expressions of acknowledgement, gratitude, heartiness and thankfulness to all those that have stood by the side of His Eminence during these twenty five years. They have thus put their shoulders to the wheel of progress by enabling the multitude of members, collaborators and well-wishers to taste the fruit of constant and ardent labour. Thousands are those that have quenched their thirst at the feet of this spiritual mentor while countless are those that have gathered some pebbles from the vast shore of knowledge.
On behalf of the President and members of the Sunni Razvi Society International we, wish His Eminence long life and courage so that this Silver Jubilee Year may serve as a stepping-stone towards more rewarding years ahead.
Editor and General Secretary
Sunni Razvi Society International.
Verses engraved on the shrine of
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w)
From the pen of a minstrel who sang the glory
Translated into English
O you, the most superior among the mortals, whose Holy remains lie buried here in the heart of the earth.
Your immaculate fragrance has purified the ups and downs of the earth.
I sacrifice my life on this Holy grave in which you took abode, therein is purity, generosity and kindness.
The sword of Almighty Allah hazrat ka’b-bin-zuhair (r.a)
Translated into English
I approached Allah’s prophet repentant for his forgiveness; overlooking and forgaining are describing things before him.
I stood at a place where, if an elephant world have stood and seen or heard all that I witnessed.
It would have certainly trembled of fear, had not the Prophet (S.A.W.) bestowed on him his benevolence by the will of Allah.
Until fear started disappearing as soon as I extended my unworthy hand to grasp that mighty hand which would have given punishment and whose pronouncements were the last words.
Verily the Prophet (S.A.W.) is that shining sword from which light can be extracted and he is a drawn sword from the garrison of the Almighty.
A Landmark in the Annals of Socio-religious work
The Silver Jubilee Year of
The Sunni Razvi Society International
25 years of Progress and Achievements
History bears testimony to the success-story of a preacher
To write comprehensively on the glorious achievements of the Sunni Razvi Society International during these twenty-five years of existence would require volumes and volumes.
All those that have followed closely the socio-religious activities of His Eminence will agree with us that a description of his achievements in a few pages will not fully do justice to a preacher that burns the midnight oil everyday for the sake of his religion. Writers from many parts of the world have eulogized him for his outstanding spiritual work while people from here and abroad have endeared him to their hearts for his gigantic strides in the path of religion.
We shall rather try to give a concise account, in words and pictures, of the highlights of historic events that have been associated with His Eminence’s success-story.
We shall also leave some spaces to other writers who have themselves witnessed and penned the achievements of His Eminence in their own countries.
Celebrating our Silver Jubilee Year, we shall fail in our duty if we do not pay a most deserving tribute to those nine members who were asked to sit on the first Managing Committee of the Sunni Razvi Society by His Eminence. They have served the Society with unflinching zeal and evidently much of its achievements have been rendered possible due to their own indefatigable efforts. Three of them have passed away and we pray the Almighty Allah to bless their souls. Ameen!
First Managing Committee:
President: Mr Aniff Dauhoo
Vice President: Mr Yacoob Ebrahim Dawood
General Secretary: Mr Ahmad Saleh Ramtoola
Assistant Secretary: Mr Idriss Jaulim
Treasurer: Hajee Ebrahim Ally Muhammad
Members: Hajee Issack, Hajee Ali Ramtoola, Muhammad Ramtoola, Hajee Abdool Ganee Joonas, Mr ismael Dilmohamed, Mr Abdool Khaleck Moosun.
The arrival of Maulana Saheb
A ray of hope for the Muslim Community
On Saturday the 2nd of January 1965, a new landmark occurred in the religious history of Mauritius. The arrival of the new Imam and khateeb of the Jummah Mosque proved a real turning point in the lives of a great multitude of Muslims. New vigour was to be infused in the religious activities of the island and a revival of learning and propagating Islam was to be witnessed among the Muslims.
Indeed, before the arrival of this great mystic, there was a negligence of religious duties on the part of may Muslims. The lives and teachings of the holy saints of Islam were known to but a few firm disciples of earlier spiritual leaders whose feet had blessed the soil of this island. The pressing need of the time was, therefore, for the necessity of having a preacher who would inflame the hearts of studying Islam in its true form.
Hence began the new era. A man came to revive that love of religion among us. It did not take long, however, for people to know of what stuff the soul of that man is made. Hailing from that long and glorious line of the Qadiria Order, Muslims began to flack to his residence to gather some pebbles from his vast shore of knowledge. Thus from day to day, the number of the disciples and admirers of Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddqui Qadiri Razvi grew more and more.
The foundation of the Sunni Razvi Society
Among the disciples of Maulana Saheb, a host of young, energetic and enthusiastic friends became his close associates and helpers ever since his arrival in Mauritius. They put their shoulders to the wheel of progress and worked with heart and soul for the upliftment of the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat. With the aim of imparting the true religious injunctions of Islam as laid down by he Holy Prophet of Islam Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (S.A.W.), the Sunni Razvi saw the light of day.
Ever since its inception, this society has never failed to attract new adherents and thousands today count the number of its members. Firm in its principles of serving the noble cause of Islam, this society has won but laurels in its activities.
It has so far succeeded in presenting the true form of Islam dispelling doubts about religious controversies and providing numerous fields of activities for those who are in quest of theoretical, practical and spiritual knowledge of Islam.
As described above, prior to religious activities of Maulana Saheb, the Holy lives of such great Saints of Islam as, Hazrat Peerane Peer Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A.), Hazrat Khwaja Gharib Nawaz (R.A.), Hazrat Peer Jamal Shah (R.A.), Hazrat Peer Zahoor Shah Bawa (R.A.), Peer Jahangeer Shah (R.A.) (the Holy Shrines of the last three being found in Mauritius) were engraved in the realm of the memory of but a few fervents of Islam. The immediate task of the Imam was, therefore, to animate the love of such Saints in the heart of the Muslims so that they might be directed towards the path of spiritual attainments.
Thus, he began by organizing continuous weekly Thursday Halqua-e-zikr at the Jummah mosque. From the 2nd September 1965 to present date, more than 1130 weekly Halqua-e-zikr have been performed amidst a great number of participants. Indeed, such regular practices may mean much to those who follow them with the required piety and sincerity of purpose. To mark the glorious 1000th weekly Thursday halqua-e-zikr with dignity, a great ceremony was performed at the Jummah mosque with a program full of religious activities such as: speeches on "Remembrance of Allah and its abiding benefits", "Address to those who remember Allah", halqua-e-zikr-salat-o-salam, fateha and niaz. With utmost pomp and splendour, the celebrations ran for two days and were well attended.
Urs-E-Ghaus-Ul-Azam (R.A.) or Igyarween Shareef
To this day more than 237th monthly igyarween shareef have been celebrated with due respect and sincerity. These functions have been organized with a view to rekindling the love of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam Peerane Peer Abdul Qadir Jilani (R.A.). On such occasions, comprehensive programs are elaborated which comprise the following items: ‘khatam-ul-Quran’, mehfil-e-Ghausia (qaseeda recitation), halqua-e-zikr, khatam shareef, salaam, fateha, bazme Ghausia and Qadria langar. Under the able guidance of Maulana Saheb, such ‘Stately Celebrations’ have made an everlasting impression on the hearts and minds of the Muslims and, no doubt, the benefits that accrue to those participating in such sacred ceremonies are tremendous. Throughout the nook and corner of the island, people know and talk about these celebrations and the poor specially, rejoice at this resurrection of the time of ‘Aam khana’ (food for all), which had been abolished long before arrival of Maulana Saheb.
Mention should also be made here of the double glorious celebrations of Urs Imam-e-Hussain (R.A.) and Urs Ghaus-ul-Azam (R.A.) which coincide on each year on the 11th of Muharram. The beatitude and spiritual rewards arising out of these mixed celebrations are surely immense due to the fact that they are performed in memory of two great saints of Islam: Hazrat Imam Hussain (R.A.), the martyr of Karbala and Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam Peeran Peer Dastagir (R.A.), the Saint of Saints.
Urs Qadri Razvi
Ever since the arrival of His Eminence, Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi, the Urs Shareef of that Guiding Star of the eastern firmament, Hazrat Shaik-ul-Islam Wal Muslimeen Zia-Uddin Ahmad Maulana Imam Ahmad Raza Khan Qadri, Fazile Bareillvi (R.A.) has been celebrated with due respect to its sanctity.
A glimpse from the sacred life of this Holy Saint is enough to convince any Muslim about his grandeur as a true Muslim. He lived a blessed life from his early childhood up to his last breath. His religious work has immortalized him to such an extent that learned men opine that the world has not produced a better theologian for the past two centuries. Among his disciple’s rank eminent theologians, one of whom being that great globetrotting missionary, Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadri Razvi (R.A.).
Maulana Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (R.A.) is a renowned writer on Islam. Among his literary works of about 700 books, he wrote the famous "Fatawa Razvia" in twelve volumes, each consisting about 850 pages. He had a profound knowledge of science too, for he was a Master of Mathematics and astronomy.
He dedicated his whole life to the religion of Allah and acted as shield against those who wanted to assault the principles of Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat, for he was a truly great Defender of the faith. On his visit to Mecca and Madina, he was greeted with great dignity and conferred upon the title of "Imam Ahle Sunnat" by eminent theologians. They hailed as a "Reformer of this century" and adopted him as their spiritual Guide.
Owing to the illuminating guidance of Maulana Khushtar, one of his staunch lovers and admirers, Maulana Imam Ahmad Raza Khan (R.A.) has acquired a preponderant place in every Muslim heart. His ardent love for Allah, the Holy Prophet Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (S.A.W.) and the Holy Saints of islam is now known throughout the nook and corners of many parts of the globe and his religious services done for the benefit of the Sunnat Jamaat are indeed invaluable.
Here comes that ‘Grand Annual Event which has a special place in the heart of every Muslim, be he a great sinner or a pious follower of Islam. It is called ‘Me’raj Shareef’, the night on which the Universal Preceptor, the Savior of Muslim on the day of resurrection, the Chosen, most Cherished, first and last Prophet of Allah Hazrat Muhammad Mustapha (S.A.W.) went to meet his Creator. That meeting of a lover with his Beloved has since been observed throughout the centuries as a night of prayers, contemplation, meditation and salvation.
It is on that night that Allah, the Almighty sent ‘Namaz’ as a token of His Mercy through His Most Beloved Prophet (S.A.W.) to his followers.
Urs Shareef in memory of Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi
The death anniversary of another son of Islam, Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui Qadri Razvi (R.A.) is another function that does not escape the attention of Maulana Khushtar. Indeed, during his lifetime Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (R.A.) that globetrotting missionary a part of his precious time in paying occasional visits to Mauritius to reanimate the love of religion among the Muslims. He was a very fervent and pious Muslim and people always pay tribute to his memory by attending the Urs performed in his honor.
The laying of the Foundation Stone of the
Sunni Razvi Academy
With the emergence of such a slid and well-organized institution as the Sunni Razvi Society, t was quite natural and legitimate for the members to have a Center of their own where they could meet and discuss programs about the implementation of the aims and objects of the Society. Moreover, an Academy renders invaluable services to a community, as it is a center of learning and religious propagations.
As says the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.):"Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave", it stand to reason, therefore, that any academy established to serve the noble cause of Islam can play a very great part in building up the moral, educational and religious edifice of a community. Its role impart education in light of the Holy Quran and the Hadiths can be invaluable if properly played by those on whose responsibility lies the task of managing it.
Thus a benefiting function was organized for the laying of the Foundation Ceremony. A procession left the Jummah mosque on the 28th April 1967 after the Friday prayer and proceeded in a stately march with the recitation of zikr to 28, Sir Edgar Laurent Street where the ceremony took place. Speeches were delivered by personalities of Mauritius and after his thought provoking talk, Maulana Khushtar laid the foundation stone which was officiated in a unique way, for never before had any such a ceremony been performed thus: with a stone from the Holy Hill of Meena and water obtained from the baths taken at Kaaba Shareef together with water from Zam Zam, Madina Shareef and Baghdad Shareef, mixed with cement, His eminence Maulana Khushtar performed the sacred and inspiring ceremony with zikr on lips, accompanied by the resounding voices of the audience.
Urs Qadri Jamaali
For the first time in Mauritius, the urs Shareef of Syed Peer Jamal Shah Qadri Bin Murtaza Shah Bawa was celebrated on the 13th of April 1967 (2nd Muharram 1387). The following program was carried out, much to the satisfaction and enraptured attention of that lot of Mauritian Muslims who regularly go to salute the memory of this Great Saint at his Holy Shrine which is in the very precinct of the Jummah Mosque: khatam-ul-Quran, Milaad Shareef, Sandal & Ziyarat, to Holy Shrine (Dargah), halqua-e-zikr (after maghrib prayer), khatam Shareef, langar (Tabarruk) of Qadri Jamaali after namaz Esha.
Urs Mubarak of Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti (R.A.)
The Urs Shareef of the Great Saint of India, Sultan-ul-Hind, Hazrat Khwaja Moinuddin Hassan Sanjari Chishti Summa Ajmeri Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) has also a special place in the heart of our beloved Imam, Maulana Khushtar. This glorious, sacred and stately celebration is given all the splendour and respect it needs and it runs normally for two days. Special programs are dedicated to the memory of the Beloved Khwaja in the usual attractive way: speeches by Ulema-e-Keram on subjects dealing with Sultan-ul-Hind Gharib Nawaz (R.A.) & Awliya Allah, Khatme Quran, Bazme Khwaja, Khatam Shareef, Salaam, Fateha and Langar (Tabarruk) of Khwaja.
The Urs of this Holy Saint is one of the most popular religious functions of India. It draws a large number of participants coming from different parts of that great country. Members of other faiths attend it as well. Moreover, this Saint is universally known and loved for the number of miracles that are attached to the sacred eminence of his personality. Members of various communities go to manifest their love and respect at his Holy Shrine.
The beneficial and rewarding Shab-E-Bara’t
Prior to that night, Maulana Khushtar usually sends press communiqués informing the Muslims that they should forgive each other for otherwise; Allah will not accept any prayer from a heart that is still nourishing hatred in it. Consequently, Muslims turn up at the mosque with a pure heart to receive light of God.
After the traditional waez, Muslims participate in a ‘Touring Ziarat and Halqua-e-zikr" at the following Muslim cemeteries: Terre Rouge, Riche Terre, Cassis & Les Salines. Zikr and Fateha are read at the Holy Shrines of Peer Zahoor Shah Bawa, Peer Jehangir Shah Bawa and other Holy Saints. These prayers are recited for the benefits of all the Holy Saints and brothers and sisters of the Ahle Sunnat Wal Jamaat.
His Eminence meets Dr Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam,
Former Prime Minister of Mauritius.
Ever since his arrival in Mauritius, top personalities and laymen alike have always wished to pay visit or to welcome His Eminence.
We can say that the late Dr S. Ramgoolam who died as the Governor-General of Mauritius was a friend of the Society and even looked for His Eminence’s guidance on religious matters.
Maulana Khushtar makes history
(We are pleased to reproduce this article of Hassenjee Edoo as appeared in "Advance" of 24th June 1967 on that Yaum-Un-Nabi (S.A.W.) celebration which has passed down to history. Ed.)
Future historians will record this year Yaum-Un-Nabi (S.A.W.) celebrations as a capital event in the annals of spiritual movement. The architect behind this revival of spiritual unity among Muslims in Mauritius is His Eminence Maulana Hafiz Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadri Razvi.
We call it historical because this generation never witnessed such a concourse of humanity so full of enthusiasm coupled with serenity of the spirit assembled at Plaine-Verte. When I turned around, I saw the crescent and moon floating in the early morning breeze. There was a riot of colors and radiant smiles everywhere. They came from all nooks and corners of the island to participate in the celebration. About 50,000 men, women and children marched with measured steps towards Taher Bagh. Thousands lined Desforges and other roads leading to Champs de Mars. For years Mauritians never witnessed such decorated floats and soul-lifting slogans. In the procession we could see the past and the present marching hand-in-hand towards a destined future. Shark finned cars and 15th century horse-drawn carriages rubbed shoulders. The oldest as well as the youngest walked together with prayers on their lips. They were prayers in the name of the Greatest and the Eternal.
Maulana Khushtar with the zeal of a reformer has indeed succeeded in kindling the flame of love, tolerance and unity. Taher Bagh seemed to be another center of pilgrimage oF the procession, so they marched on under the escort of "Float Tippu Sultan of "Goodland’s".
Someone shouted ‘they are Arabs’. On a float many were transformed in spotless Arab dresses. They were really colorful. The sweet intonations of the young boys and girls from different clubs and Madrassas added light to glory. By 10 a.m. the milling crowd had reached Taher Bagh. Though there was no space to swing a cat in, people were still coming from all directions. On the dais were important personalities of the Muslim community. Our Maulvis and Maulanas, teachers, sardars and imams all came to make the celebration a success under the distinguished patronage of His Eminence Maulana Khushtar, Mr Vayid spoke on the universality of Islam. In his speech Mr Vayid stressed on the message of Islam and its implication. Mr Hossenbaccus in an inspiring flight of French eloquence kept the audience spellbound. He too stressed on solidarity, tolerance and universal brotherhood of mankind. Mr Hossenbaccus is no doubt a fine speaker.
His Eminence rose and the valleys echoed with the name of Allah. The mountains were overflowed and the hearts of those present felt a thrill that sent the soul in a flight that knew no wings. His Eminence hoped that the divine sparks had kindled the flame of eternity in one and all. He told us that Islam does not believe in the doctrine of the swords but in the immortal philosophy of love, tolerance and peace. Islam preaches for the perfection of man through practical examples. Islam is progressive and believes in practical idealism. It stands against corruption and imperfection. The life of Muhammad (Swallallahu Alaihe Wassallam) is a glorious example of perfection and struggle against odds. Islam gives self-mastery through humility.
His Eminence traced the society in which our Prophet (S.A.W.) was born. Society rejected him, persecuted him and even wanted to corrupt him. This seal of all the prophets remained like a rock undeterred until society had to bow down to the Divine will. In an age of idolatry, cruelty and injustice, this jewel among all the prophets brought a change of heart and spirit. Islam is a light that never fails. The life of Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.) is a mirror of purity and divinity. That’s why today a sentence from the Holy Quran is enough to guide millions in quest of peace and happiness. His Eminence drew our attention to the fact those centuries ago our Holy Prophet (Swallallahu Alaihi Wassallam) preached love and unity that U.N. is struggling for today.
He made an appeal so that those present might work for the welfare of the country and for Islam: Lead kindly light.
Quelques aspects des oeuvres inspiratrices du Maulana Khushtar
(Cet article parut en 1972 quand le Maulana quitta le sol mauricien sans espoir de retour)
Hier, le Maulana venait parmi nous comme un inconnu. Aujourd’hui, c’est un des nÛ tres qui vole vers des destinations nouvelles. Et, avec son depart, nous aurons à souffrir l’absence d’un homme don’t les rares qualities n’ont pas empÀ ché d’Ã tre humble.
Oui. Il a fait preuve d’une grande humilité, cet homme toujours vÃ tu de blanc et dont les pas effleurent le sol avec un sincère respect, cet homme dont le visage rayonne toujours d’un sourire et dévoile une grande piété.
Déjà, sept années se sont écoulées. Et durant ces sept années, le Maulana Khushtar s’est fait de nombreux amis, surtout parmi les jeunes qu’il su amener à se consacrer à Dieu. Faire comprendre aux jeunes que le vrai bonheur, ici-bas, ne reside pas dans leur consacrement anx choses mondaines, mais dans leur consacrement aux recommendations divines, c’est déjà un bel accomplissement dans le domaine de l’éducation de la jeunesse.
Or, parce qu’il a su ramener au bercail les brebis égarées- rien qu’à l’aide de la logique islamique,- les jeunes l’aiment et souffrent à l’idée qu’il parte. Parce qu’il a su comprendre les jeunes, leurs problêmes, leur difficultés… parce qu’il a su se presenter comme un des leurs, parce qu’il a su marcher avec eux, les écouter, les conseiller… il a fini par prouver qu’il est l’homme qu’il faut pour la jeunesse que voici.
Le Maulana part. Mais longtemps encore l’on se souviendra de lui, de ses connaissances théologiques et littéraires, de ses sermons d’un niveau éducatif très élevé. Il prêche l’islam, par amour. Toujours avec sourire déploie-t-il les principes islamiques, montrant à ses auditeurs que l’islam c’est la vie de tous les jours, une vie faite de sacrifices, de dpimeirs et aisso de gaietés.
Longtemps encore l’on se souviendra de ses sermons à la radio où, chaque Vendredi, il aborde un thème nouveau, mais un thème qui touché notre vie: l’unité, la charité, la prière, la faim, le devoir familial, la grandeur d’une mère, le droit de la femme…
Il y a aussi ses livrets (Le chemin de la déliverances, The Evergreen Flower, The path of Spiritual attainments…) qui ont conquis ses lecteurs tant par les arguments solides que par la sagesse qu’ils dévoilent.
Durant son séjour parmi nous, le Maulana a beaucoup contribué pour donner un nouvel essor à l’éducation. La "Sunni Razvi Academy" n’est-elle pas une preuve indéniable de la concretisation de son dévouement pour l’éducation et de son amour pour la jeunesse?
La jeunesse. L’éducation. Voilà deux choses qui ont beaucoup préoccupé le Maulana. Il voulut faire de notre jeunesse une jeunesse dunamique, disciplinée, intellectuelle, mais ayant foi en Dieu. Et ce qui l’a aide, c’est la confiance qu’il a toujours placée dans la jeunesse. Elle symbolise pour lui l’espoir. Et il fit tout pour sa promotion.
Le Maulana, de son côté, a conquis l’administration de la jeunesse par sa connaissance insondable de la literature orientable, plus particulièrement du sufisme (mysticisme musulman). Et l’ardeur avec laquelle il chante Jallaluddin-Rumi et Mohammad Iqbal est simplemet admirable. Elle provoqua même chez les jeunes un si grand intérêt qu’ils se sont mis à sonder les richesses de la littérature orientale.
Il a aussi enseigné aux jeunes commen, en pratiquant le zikr (souvenir de Dieu), ils peuvent raffermir leur foi en Dieu.
Et afin que la vie des pionniers de l’islam (Ghaus-ul-Azam), Moinuddin Chisti, Ala Hazrat…) puisse servir d’exemples aux musulmans, le Maulana célèbre en leur nom des Urs (anniversaries). Et à ces occasions il raconte leur vie, leurs sacrifices, leur perseverance…
En d’autres mots, le Maulana ne s’est pas cantonné dans l’exécution des priers et des sermons. Nous pensons, avec son depart, un grand théologien, un fervent sufi, un litterateur sobre – et un champion de la paix, de l’unité et de la tolerance: trois des joyaux de l’islam.
Pendant la période douloureuse de janvier 1968, sa voix pleine d’émotion faisait résoner sur nos ondes le mot AMAN (paix), et la grandeur de la paix. Et, dans la mosquée comme ailleurs il prêchait avec le Coran: Il n’y a rien de plus grand que la tolérance.
Il savait et le proclamait que le salut des Mauriciens se trouve dans la paix, l’unité et la tolérance. Et, à chaque fois qu’il fait, en congregation, un voeu à Dieu, il mendie avec ferveur pour les musulmans puissent être Ek (un) et Naik (sincères).
Pour lui, l’homme doit avant tout être bon et sincere pour pouvoir arriver à cette unite ant convoitée. L’homme doit se purifier, doit chaser de lui tout sentiment de préjugés, pour pouvoir s’unir sans jamais se sentir différents des autres.
Ecrivain et Dramaturge
Membre de la "Sunni Razvi Society"
The visit of his Eminence
Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi
By the late N.M.A. Sattar Qadiri Razvi
Sub-Editor (Foreign News Desk) Times of Ceylon
Praise be to Almighty Allah, our Creator and Sustainer. Praise be to Him from creating from out of His Light the greatest and noblest of all creations- Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (Swallalaahu Alaihi Wasallam). Praise be to Him for the making us one of the Ummats of the Universal and Last Prophet.
I praise Almighty Allah for choosing my humble self to write a short personal review of His Eminence Maulana Hafiz Alhaj Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadiri Razvi’s short stay in Ceylon. He was with us from the latter part of 1963 to April 29th 1964 for the period of nine months.
Ceylon is an island of 25,000 square miles close to the southernmost tip of India. Our population is 11 to 12 million of whom 7 percent are Muslims. Al Hamdu Lillah, we have remained Muslim because of missionary work here. A great majority of mosques, orphanages and madressas in Ceylon were built through their influence, inspiration and blessings.
In Ceylon is also found Adam’s Peak to be the place from where Hazrat Adam (A.S.) asked pardon from God. Adam’s Peak incidentally has proved to be the magnet for many Arabian divines visiting Ceylon during the last past few centuries.
Ceylon retains affectionate memories of Imamul Aroos of Keela Karai (South India) and Maulana Abdul Aleem Siddiqui (R.A.) both of whom did wonderful missionary work in Ceylon in the past few decades.
Then in the latter part of 1963 we had the good fortune and Almighty Allah’s blessing to receive into our country one of the leading Ulemas of the Indo-Pak subcontinent, Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadri Razvi. He came as the khateeb of the Colombo Memon Hanafi Masjid. Many other Ulemas too have been with us. But although Maulana Khushtar was with us for a very short time, we find he is affectionately remembered and talked about by many people.
A lot of people from Ceylon still keep on corresponding with him. What is the reason for this indissoluble link with a person whom we knew only for a very short time? There were many others here who stayed much longer but who are hardly mentioned even if they are remembered. Obviously, the Maulana Saheb had certain special qualities, which the other lacked. What were they?
The Maulana Saheb was humble to a fault, served and lived Islam every minute of life, treated the high and the low without discrimination and never flinched from fighting for the Truth even if the opponents were materially powerful men. One thing more. He was ever willing to forgive and even prayed for those who wronged and vilified him openly and secretly. From personal experience I know it is a very, very difficult thing indeed. It is a pity that though many of us pray and make a show of piety, there are moments when we tend to be petty-minded, squalid and mean. Maulana Saheb showed us through his personal life what heights a man can attain if he lives the divine life.
Maulana Saheb went out of his way to inconvenience himself the object of serving Islam. After congregational prayers he would invite some of those who gave him salaams to come up to his room and see him. And sometimes some of them went to his room and see him. And sometimes some of them went to his room and kept on firing questions, (some of them absurd) but he never lost his patience. Once I was in the room when a person was asking him a string of questions and the ritual of salaat. Others in the room fidgeted but Maulana Saheb answered his entire question without even a trace of impatience or impoliteness, let alone anger.
Maulana’s room was open to all callers right throughout the day and night until about 11 p.m. except when he had a nap after lunch. His room was filled with people of all classes. I remember a dockworker that used to visit him daily. I have seen Maulana Saheb have a special liking for the poor of the world. Many times I had seen him escorting the dockworker up to his room with his hand on his shoulders.
Many of us who used to visit Maulana belong to all classes but I have never seen him fawning on the rich or trying to be patronizing the poor. He showed us that one could be a good khateeb and keep one’s dignity without being pompous. To him every man mattered as a creature of Allah. He never went out of the way to cadge favors from the rich.
He also never refused an invitation to a house. My grand parents were rich but now I am by no means a wealthy man and I leave in a small house in an unfashionable part of Colombo. Many of my relations were surprised when the Maulana visited my unpretentious abode. He came to my house about six times. The reason was not far to seek. Many of the so-called Aalim, Pirs and Maulanas used to visit the houses of the very rich only. They used to keep away from the poor like avoiding plague.
Once I remember the Maulana Saheb visited a two-piece house where there was not even a chair. He stayed there for a long time seated on the floor, which was covered by a small mat and a piece of cloth. But the Maulana never avoided the wealthy. He kept company with them on equal terms, and made them respect him by the dignity of his behavior. He, however, never flinched from a fight even with the most formidable foe on religious issue.
After he came to Ceylon, every Jummah night there was Halqua-e-zikr at the Colombo Memon Hanafi Masjid. The zikr circle was getting bigger and bigger. Every 11th of the Islamic month there was Igyarween Shareef in remembrance of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam. He visited houses for Halqua-e-zikr. The zikr for Igyarween Shareef, which he started, is still being continued. On Jummah days mats had to be put on the roads to accommodate the overflow.
He used to explain to us the Masnavi Shareef f Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi (R.A.) a book we had never heard of until we met him. He used to give up invitations after Esha prayers in order to explain the Masnavi Shareef to those who went there every day. He would interpret the narration of Masnavi worth suitable pieces of Hadiths and anecdotes of the Aulia-e-Kamileen.
People flocked to him because of his spirituality. Some Shaikhs used to divide Muslims and compartmentalise them into various sects. Some of the members regarded the members of other Tariqas as if they were enemies. Not so was the Maulana, in an earlier era there had been an undercurrent of hostility among the members of various Tariqas. In Maulana’s room we saw men of all Tariqas. When advice was asked he freely offered them. He prayed for the sick and afflicted whether or not they requested his prayers. He never flinched others’ Mureeds. Once there were two people in the room. Obviously, they had come for Naseehath. Maulana kept them for some time. Although they did not tell him why they came for he knew it. He finally told them "Maulana so and so had given such and such a thing to be recited, keep reciting them". Whenever a minor came for Naseehath he gave him Naseehath only after he found out if he had parental permission. This indeed was high sense of propriety when some pirs even canvassed for Mureeds, as if they were asking recruits for a political party.
Once a friend of mine was seated in Maulana’s room when Maulana was speaking to another person. Suddenly my friend felt sorry he was not an Aalim. He was thinking he could be a better Muslim and do service for Islam, if he knew his religion well. At this time Maulana Saheb stopped his conversation and told my friend "piety with little knowledge is better than such knowledge without piety".
Even in my case there were many occasions he gave us advice while explaining the Masnavi. Of course, if I relate them a whole booklet would have to be written.
The period of nine months he was in Ceylon was as a golden era. On the day of his departure there were many who wept.
Before I close this short review of his stay I must relate another incident. He was due to leave us on April 29th 1964 by Ocean Energy to Pakistan. Prior to that a friend of ours, Hajee Ahmed Chana, had arranged for a grand final – a fitting public farewell on April 25th opposite his shop at 107, 2nd Cross Street, Pettah. For two weeks this young man had run thither and hither to arrange for the meeting. Police authorisation, loudspeaker, permits, chairs, newspaper advertisement, and many things had to be done. All this was time consuming work. The meeting was held after Esha prayers. It was presided over by Alhaj Falil A. Gaffoor, 1st Member of Parliament for Colombo Central.
However, at 5.30 p.m. on the day of the meeting my friend was panic-stricken for it was clear to anyone that a big shower was on the cards. The meeting was to be held on the main road and if rained the whole meeting and consequently the farewell would have been a big flop.
At about this time the young man ran up to Maulana and told him that the rain clouds were threatening to ruin the meeting, to which Maulana Saheb gave a very good answer. He said, "Hajee Ahmed, aap ka kaam kijay, Rab us ka kaam karaiga" (Haji Ahmed, you do your work, the Lord will do His). From this onwards the room was closed to visitors and Maulana was humbly supplicating Almighty Allah and Almighty Allah heard his prayers. The meeting was a grand success and it started raining only after we reached our homes!
After the main speech Maulana Saheb touched on this point. He said that the organiser of the meeting went to him and complained that it looked as if a fortnight’s preparations might go waste because of the threatening rain.
The Maulana Saheb then explained to him that once when Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam (R.A.) had complained to Almighty Allah that whereas he had gathered muslims to propagate His religion, Allah dispersed them, the rain ceased. So Maulana Saheb explained to the meeting that those who walk on the path of Huzoor Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (S.A.W.) and Huzoor Ghaus-ul-Azam (R.A.) would be accorded similar treatment by Almighty Allah.
We have from time to time got the booklets, which he had published in Mauritius. We cyclostyled and distributed "The Path of Salvation". We reprinted the booklet on Ramazaan and the chart of Saints. We have also published and popularised "The Path of Spiritual Attainments" and "14 Centuries After", two later booklets from Mauritius.
I dedicate this humble effort of mine to my beloved Spiritual Leader and hope it is good enough to be published in Mauritius. We hope the day will come when we can meet him and listen to the words of wisdom that springs from his holy lips.
I humbly thank Almighty Allah for giving us the great and good fortune to have been inspired by this noble servant of Allah. We have vowed to devote a part of our lives to the noblest cause of all – the cause of serving Allah. We pray that we would be fit for this work.
On behalf of the Muslims of Ceylon and on my humble self I take this opportunity to wish His Eminence who is going in company of his family for Hajj Pilgrimage "Bon Voyage" and tremendous success in his mission and pray Almighty Allah to bless us by his visit to Ceylon once more.
The roving Ambassador of Islam
By Muhammad Bana of South Africa
I, a humble servant of Islam begin this revered biography with endless praises to Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala, the Ghafoorur Raheem, Rabbul Aalameen, the Creator of the Universe and with continuous salutations to Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa Swallalahu Alaihi Wasallam the Raoofur Raheem, Rahmatul lil Alameen, for whom the Universe is created.
His international services and accomplishments:
His Eminence is indeed an international servant of Islam whose influence and inspiration have reached the four corners of the earth. It is truly amazing and mind-shattering how one single human being can accomplish so many feats in so many countries and in so little time just for the pleasure of Allah and His Rasool Swallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. On every soil he placed his sacred feet, he planted the seeds of Sunniyat and Razviyat.
We are indeed living in difficult times, in this fast moving age with all its temptations and distractions. The Ummah in general has tragically divorced itself from its religious obligations. Islam and its values has become a victim to the ever-increasing Western Culture and influence in our daily lives. We have fallen in a state of lethargy and dormancy in this temporal world and have completely neglected the everlasting world to which we are all destined for. This state of religious and spiritual retrogression is prevalent almost worldwide and the situation seems hopeless and certainly discouraging for any sort of revival. However, in this pitiful era of hopelessness and despondency, His Eminence has succeeded in awakening the masses to the call of Islam and their duties towards their Creator. Alhamdulillah, His Eminence has succeeded beyond his wildest dreams and the masses have responded positively to his call and the resurgence of Islam has earnestly begun.
In order to disseminate the message of Islam on a truly global scale, His Eminence has succeeded in establishing branches and centers of the Sunni Razvi Society International in Manchester, Croydon and London in the United Kingdom, Paris, Holland and the U.S.A. In the Asian Continent the centers are India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The centers in Mauritius are based in Port Louis, Vallée Pitot and Mesnil. In Southern Africa branches can be found in Kenya, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Botswana. Finally, in South Africa, branches abound in Durban, Chatsworth, Phoenix, Tongaat, Pietermaritzburg, Lenasia, Laudium and Cape Town. Alhamdulillah, such magnificent effort, dedication and sacrifice by a lone individual are indeed a miracle. His Eminence’s inspired leadership has managed to arouse the masses and has transformed the lives of Muslims everywhere. To honor and pay tribute to his outstanding contribution to the Muslim community and the general welfare of the people of Mauritius, the City Council of Port Louis has named a street after him, and soon, Sunni Razvi Eidgah Road after the Eidgah.
His advent onto the South African scene:
It was in the year 1968 when the Muslim of South Africa were in a state of religious confusion and conflict, when our beliefs and practices were trampled upon by the enemies of Islam in the guise of Muslims, when our own indolence and negligence of Islamic values was prevalent, when the vast majority of Muslims placed materialistic values above that of spiritual progress, it was at this pitiful point of our lives that His Eminence burst onto the South African scene like a savior sent by Allah to rescue us from our misery. Indeed, the arrival of His Eminence was a present timing in our lives and the turning point, which transformed the way of life of our people. To delve into details of His Eminence’s 21 years of service to the Muslims of South Africa will unnecessarily prolong this article. Suffice to say that the impact he created in our country was tremendous and unbelievable. He spared no effort in mobilizing the Muslims into a solid and cohesive unit under the banner of the Sunni Razvi Society. Functions of Moulod-Un-Nabi (S.A.W.), Igyarween Shareef, Urs Mubarak of Aulia-Allah and Yaum-e-Raza began to multiply throughout the length and breadth of the country. Sessions of Halqua-e-Zikr were being held regularly at homes, in institutions and Masjid everywhere. Truly, the revival of Islam has begun. His Eminence is indeed amongst the restless breed and his inexhaustible energy is simply baffling. His every visit to South Africa has been constantly spent in guiding, organising and imparting advices to the ceaseless flow of mureeds, friends and well-wishers at his official residence in Chatsworth, the Khanqah Qadria Razvia where his host and devout disciple Janab Yusuf Mahomed Qadri Razvi has been a tower of strength.
Center comes to life:
The sites that once stood barren and desalute for 10 years is suddenly vibrating to life with building constructions rapidly emerging all round. Workmen and volunteers from the Society are working feverishly and at weekends in a race to realize their dreams. The brave women of the Society, under the banner of the Sunni Razvi Women’s League of South Africa, are playing an equal role to ensure that the Centre is fully established. The Sunni Razvi Youth Movement has already been launched, comprising of High School and University students who are also sparing no effort in this direction. Already the Pre-Primary School is nearing completion and preparations are being made for the second phase of the mammoth project, which will include a large hall and a masjid. Inha-Allah, at this rate of progress, all indications are that the next Urs Shareef of A’la Hazrat (Radi-Allahu-Anhu) will be held for the first time within a building, and the use of marquees, a thing of the past. It is expected when the entire multi-million Rand project is completed, it will be the largest Islamic Centre in Southern Africa.
Tawsha – e – Ghausia
A proven solution to all your problems subject to good niyyat Tawsha-e-Ghausia is a special niaz for any desires or unsolved problems one might have if you have the opportunity / it is desirable that you perform half of the niaz once you have performed the niyyat and complete the other half of the niaz once your wishes are accomplished with the blessings of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam.
The following are the ingredients for the niaz:
1. Semolina (Souji) 5.25 SER (4 kg 90 grams)
2. Sugar (Shakkar) 5.25 SER (4 kg 90 grams)
3. Ghee 5.25 SER (4 kg 90 grams)
4. Almond (Badam) 1.25 SER (1 kg 17 grams)
5. Pistachio (Pista) 1.25 SER (1 kg 17 grams)
6. Raisin (Kishmish) 1.25 SER (1 kg 17 grams)
7. Coconut Powder 1.25 SER (1 kg 17 grams)
8. Cloves (Laung) 74 grams
9. Cinnamon Sticks (Darchini) 74 grams
10. Cardamom (Elaichi) 74 grams
11. Saffron (Zaffran) As required
It is desirable that pious men or women preferably in a state of wuzu cook this niaz. As to the method, this ‘halwa’ is cooked similarly to ‘souji halwa’. It is necessary that the quantities of the ingredients are maintained and all due respect are paid to every particle of this niaz. For such purpose, it is recommended that the cloves and cinnamon be boiled thoroughly in sufficient water and that the drained water of the above two ingredients be used in the preparation of the Tawsha. Once the niaz is cooked it is important to make sure that people eating the niaz hold the same due respect and eat the Tawsha preferably in a state of wuzu.
How to perform the fateha:
Read the following:
Darood-e-Ghausia 7 times
Alhamdu 1 time
Ayat-ul-Kursi 1 time
Surah Ikhlaas (Qul Shareef) 7 times
Darood-e-Ghausia 3 times
Convey the sawab (benefits) of the above Quranic Ayaat to the Holy Prophet (Swallalahu Alaihi Wasallam) and through his blessings to all the Prophets, the Sahabas (companions), the Ahle Bait, the Imaams and Hazrat Ghaus-e-Paak Syed Abdul Qadir Jilani and to all the Mashaikh-e-Qadria, the Awliaas, the pious and learned Muslim men and women and to all the Muslim ummah.
Insha Allah your wish will be fulfilled by the grace of the Almighty Allah.
The significance of
The Wajibul Eid Salaat is a strongly recommended prayer. It has an important tradition in Islam and the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) never neglected it. He is reported to have ordered men, women and children to proceed to the Eidgah (Eid prayer ground) on Eid day.
It is highly recommended to have major ablution (ghusl) on Eid day and to wear the most beautiful garments and to use the best perfumes one can afford. The Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) and His companions used to do so. There is also a strong tradition that one should eat something, preferably dates, before going to the Eid-ul-Fitr prayer but to abstain from food before Eid-ul-Adha prayer.
Another important aspect of Eid prayers is that it should be done in morning, for these special prayers cannot be said after midday. According to traditions, the time for Eid-ul-Fitr prayer is when the sun has raised three meters above the horizon and the time for Eid-ul-Adha is when the sun has risen two meters above the horizon.
A further important aspect of Eid prayers is that it is better to hold them in an Eidgah or an open place or ground. According to traditions, the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) never performed Eid prayers in the mosque except once, due to rain. Here it is fitting to pay tribute to His Eminence Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Khushtar Siddiqui Qadri Razvi who has inspired the building of an Eidgah in the picturesque environment of Vallée Pitot. He has thus revived a noble tradition of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him).
The Eid prayers consist of two parts (Rakaat) with twelve praises (Takbeers). After performing the prayers, the Imam mounts the pulpit and delivers two sermons (Khutbas). At the time of Eid-ul-Fitr prayer, the Imam explains mainly the commandments regarding the distribution of Sadaquat-ul-Fitr (a special charity to purify the Fast observed and to enable needy people to feel happy on the Eid day.
On Eid days, the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) recommends to feel happy and to let the Islamic spirit of enjoyment and brotherhood become manifest. Islam encourages lawful means of enjoyment together with spiritual aspirations. It is a Sunnah to show concern for your brothers by exchanging gifts, food and by expressing sincere love and affection to show the real brotherhood which stems from the belief in Allah and in His beloved Prophet (Peace be upon Him).
Eid not only shows the glory of Allah but also the manifestation of piety of Muslims.
The Eid Salaat
The performance of two rakaats of salaat on the occasions of Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Doha is waajib.
The two rakaats salaat of Eid is followed by two khutbahs, which are sunnat, but to listen to them is waajib.
How to perform the eid salaat
Niyyat: "I intend to perform two rakaats Eid ul Fitr (or Eid ul Doha) salaat with six waajib takbeers behind this imaam".
After niyyat the Imaam will proclaim "Allahu-Akbar". Reciting "Allahu-Akbar" silently the muqtadi raises his hands to the ears and folds them as usual. Recite ‘Thana’ in this position.
After ‘Thana’, the Imaam will proclaim "Allahu-Akbar" thrice, each time raising the hands to the ears and then releasing them along sides. Reciting "Allahu-Akbar" silently each time, the muqtadi follows the Imaam and raises his hands with each takbeer to the ears and then releases them on the sides.
After the third takbeer the hands are folded as usual in Qiyaam, and the Imaam will now commence the Qiraat – i.e. surah Fatiha and some verses of the Qur’an.
After Qiraat, the rakaat will be completed as usual with ruku and two sajdahs.
In the second rakaat after the Qiraat, the Imaam will proclaim "Allahu-Akbar" and raise his hands to the ears and release them. The muqtadi should do likewise. The Imaam will recite altogether three takbeers after the Qirat in the second rakaat. When the Imaam says "Allahu-Akbar" the fourth time (in the second rakaat) then do not raise the hands, but go immediately into ruku. The rest of the rakaat is completed as usual.
takbeer – e – tashreek
Allahu-Akbar Allahu-Akbar, Laa-Ilaaha Illal-Laahu Wal-Laahu Akbar, Allahu-Akbar Walil-Laahil Hamd.
This takbeer is known as Takbeer-e-Tashreek. It is waajib to recite this takbeer aloud once after every Farz salaat starting after the Fajr salaat of the day of Arafat (9th Zil-Hajj) and ending after the Farz salaat of Asr on the 13th Zil-Hajj.
Women must recite this takbeer silently, although its recitation is not waajib for them.
The reciting of this takbeer aloud after every Farz salaat as mentioned is waajib only if the salaat is performed in Jamaat.
It is not waajib upon the ‘musafir’ to recite this takbeer.
Those upon whom this takbeer is not waajib (viz. women, musafirs) if they happen to be the muqtadis of one upon whom the takbeer is waajib then its recitation will be compulsory upon them as well, but the women shall recite it silently.
If the Imaam forgets to recite the takbeer the muqtadis should immediately recite it and not wait for the Imaam to commence.
What to do when joining the eid salaat
after it has already begun
If one joins the Eid salaat after the Imaam has already recited the Eid takbeers of the first rakaat, then
If one has confidence that after reciting the takbeers one will be able to unite with the Imaam in ruku, then make the niyyat for the salaat and recite the takbeers in Qiyaam.
If one fears that by reciting the takbeers in Qiyaam one will not be able to unite with the Imaam in ruku then immediately after niyyat join the Imaam in ruku and recite the takbeers (silently) in ruku instead of the normal ruku tasbeeh, but do not raise the hands (in ruku) while reciting the takbeers.
If the Imaam emerges from the ruku before you could complete the takbeers, join him. The balance of the takbeers is waived.
If one missed a complete rakaat of the Eid salaat, it should be fulfilled as follows:
After the Imaam makes the salaams, rise and recite Qiraat. After the Qiraat recite the takbeers and complete the salaat as usual.
Les vertus du darood shareef
Le saint Coran qui est le guide de l’humanité toute entirère a pertinemment mis en relief la vraie valeur du Darood Shareef. Ainsi au verset 56 du chapitre 33, Sural Al-Ahzab, on peut lire ceci: Innallaha Wamalaa Ikatahou Yuswalluna A’lannabi, Ya Ayyou Hallazi Na-aamanu Swallu Alaihi Waswali mou Taslima.
" Qu’Allah et ses anges envoient des bénédictions sur le Prophète. O toi qui crois, envoie tes bénédictions et tes saluts sur lui avec tous les respects."
Maintenant voyons ensemble quelques Hadith du Rasoolulah (Swallal Lahou Alaihi Wa Sallam):
Pour chaque Darood Shareef que vous récitz, dix de vos pêchés sont pardonnés, dix bonnes actions sont écrites sur votre feuille d’action (Aamal Nama) et dix rangs sont élévés.
Récitez le Darood Shareef en nombre illimité spécilement les vendredis car ils me sont présentés.
Allah répand dix benedictions sur la personne qui recite un seul Darood Shareef.
Ceux qui récitent le Darood Shareef en plus grand nombre de fois seront plus près de moi et me seront plus chers dans l’au delà.
Si quelqu’un se trouve en difficulté, alors il doit réciter le Darood Shareef en nombre illimité.
Quand on addresse une prière à Allah, elle n’est acceptée que si l’on envoie au préalable des louages sur Allah et le Darood Shareef sur le Saint Prophète (Swallal Lahou Alaihi Wa Sallam).
Quiconque recite le Darood Sharef vaincra toutes ses difficultés.
Les anges d’Allah répandent 70 bénédictions chaque fois qu’une personne recite le Darood Shareef.
Je prie pour tous ceux qui envoient le Darood Shareef sur moi.
Si quelqu’un recite 1000 Darood Shareef quotidiennement, il ne mourra jamais avant d’avoir vu de ses propre yeux sa place dans le ciel.
Si un Darood Shareef est écrit dans un livre par quelqu’un, les anges d’Allah répandent continuellement les bénédictions sur lui aussi longtemps que le Darood Shareef demeure dans le livre.
Telles sont les vertus du Darood Shareef dans l’existence des croyants. Telle demeure l’immensité de ses bienfaits dans chacune de nos priers.
Le Darood Shareef doit étre toujours présent dans notre esprit et dans notre coeur. De plus Allah nous a ordonnée de réciter le Darood Shareef inconditionellement a n’importe quel moment de notre existence même en marchand en allant travailler ou encore en voyageant.
Celui qui recite le Darood Shareef sera protégé le jour du Jugement Dernier par l’ombre de ‘arsh’ (le Trone) et lorsqu’on va peser ses actions, la balance s’inclinera du côté de ses bonne actions. Il sera ensuite place du coté de ‘Hauz-e-Kausar’. Il ne ressentira pas la soif au moment crucial du jour du jugement et il sera épargné de tous les tourments de l’enfer.
Après la destruction totale de l’univers, qui va réciter le Darood Shareef? Eh bien sachez que ce sera Allah lui même!
Qu’Allah nous accorde l’opportunité et le zèle nécessaire afin de pouvoir nous offrir corp et âme à la réception complète du Darood Shareef pour le respectueux et bien-aimé Prophète (Swalal Lahou Alaihi Wa Sallam).