Rabi al-Thani also known as Rabi-ul-Akhir is the fourth month of the Islamic calendar, may Almighty Allah bless all Muslims with its outward and concealed blessings and excellence. This very month, on the 11th, is the death anniversary of the King of Baghdad, Chief of the contented souls, the incomparable, Huzoor Ghaus-ul-Azam, Shaikh Sayyiduna Mohiuddin, Abdul Qadir Jilani, Hassani Hussaini, Baghdadi (May Allah be pleased with him). Muslims throughout the world in this month zealously make arrangements to offer Niyaaz, and Fateha of the Saint of Baghdad. In addition, much charity is given in the names of the pious saints of Islam as a means of conveying reward to these blessed souls from which not only the poor and beggars benefit a great deal, but the souls of the believers also obtain peace, contentment and enlightenment.
By Esaale Sawaab is meant "conveying the reward of" – In this respect there is a Hadith of Hazrat Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him): "Oh Messenger of Allah, when we give charity on behalf of our deceased and perform Haj on their behalf, do they receive the reward of these actions?" The beloved Prophet (Peace be Upon Him) replied: "Without doubt they do receive their rewards. Not only that, but they become very happy, just as any one of you would become happy on receiving gifts". In a second Hadith, the Messenger of Allah says: "Anyone who recites Surah Ikhlas 11 times and then conveys its rewards to the departed souls, Allah will shower rewards on such a person equal to the number of these souls..."
These Ahadith serve as ample proof that the deceased souls do benefit from the good deeds and charities of the living. This is an opportune moment to relate to the reader the saying of Shaikh Sayyiduna Abdul Qadir Jilani (May Allah be pleased with him). Ghaus-ul-Azam said that "whoever in his distress cries to me for help, he will be relieved of his distress; whosoever in his difficulty call by my name, his difficulty will be solved; whosoever in his time of need makes me as his intermediary to Almighty Allah, his needs will be fulfilled. Any person who performs 2 Rakats Namaaz in which after Surah Fateha, recites Surah Ikhlas 11 times and then making salaam sends Durood on the beloved Prophet (Peace be Upon Him), the garden of mercy, after which he thinks of me and takes 11 steps towards the direction of Baghdad calling my name, then presents his need, with Almighty Allah’s permission his need will be fulfilled.
This prayer (namaaz) is known as Salatul Asraar of Salatul Ghausiyyah: which is a proven means of obtaining fulfillment of one’s needs and prayers. Salatul Asraar is explained by Imam Abul Hassan Nuruddin Alli Ibn Jaleel (RA) in Bahjatul Asraar, and Hazrat Mullah Alli Qari and Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dhelvi Qadiri (May Allah be pleased with all of them) have reported from Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam (May Allah be pleased with him) the following method:
After completing the Fardh and Sunnat of Maghrib prayers, offer 2 Rakats and in each Rakat after Surah Fateha recite 11 times Surah Ikhlas, then recite this dua 11 times:
Then taking 11 steps in the direction of Iraq (Baghdad) read the following on each step:
Thereafter, making the beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be Upon Him) as the intermediary present one’s needs and desires to Almighty Allah.
This is a brief presentation in respect of the blessed month of Rabi-ul-Akhir. Amin!